The parenting education sessions I offer are based on Dr. Stephen J. Bavolek’s Nurturing Parenting Programs. Initially, the parent takes a pretest to help determine which competencies to focus on developing, as well as how many sessions may be required (generally 15-25). Thus, training is individualized for each parent, and the most attention is given to the highest need areas. During one-on-one sessions, concepts are applied to the parent’s own circumstances, and information can be delivered at an optimal pace. A posttest helps gauge whether information has been assimilated and retained.